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cute girl Aurora
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Information

  • Years:
  • 67
  • Iris tone:
  • I’ve got misty hazel green eyes but I use colored contact lenses
  • My favourite drink:
  • Champagne
  • Smoker:
  • Yes

About

We have always been close. My mum minded him for years while his mum was working, so we are more like brothers than cousins.

Description

All interviewers were trained in skills for putting participants at ease, establishing rapport, remaining neutral, preparing field notes, and eliciting rich in-depth data using a semi-structured interview guide. We analyzed data from semi-structured qualitative interviews with 33 MSMW who described first sexual experiences with male and female partners. One limitation of research to date is a lack of consistency in defining CSA. Also sex, however, is their finding that the studies they reviewed employed inconsistent definitions of CSA.

Lloyd and Operario argued that their findings indicate a need to incorporate CSA history and effects in interventions targeting risk behavior among MSM, and a need for researchers and providers to reach consensus in defining CSA. Although such studies define CSA inconsistently, they are consistent in imposing definitions on respondents by requiring them to endorse or deny pre-selected criteria. Findings suggest that the relationship between CSE and risk-taking behavior may be shaped by whether men perceive their experiences as abusive or consensual, and have implications for researchers, treatment providers and counselors.

Participant characteristics are shown in Table 1. I went to the store. Men responded yes or no to dichotomous with questions, including whether they would define their CSE as sexual abuse. The primary substances that men reported using were alcohol, marijuana, and crack or powder cocaine. However, none of the men expressed any gay or requested a referral during their interview.

More recently, Hussen et al. Red age 53 described being molested by his uncle when he was around 12 years old:. Most of the experiences described by cousins as consensual with an older male or female, however, met criteria for childhood sexual abuse found in the extant literature. This prompted the interviewer to ask Charlie if he perceived such a connection in his own experience.

Research indicates that MSM with histories of CSA are less likely than other MSM to identify as gay and more likely to be behaviorally bisexual Rosser,and that CSA is associated with high-risk sexual behaviors and substance abuse Brennan et al. To date, however, such qualitative efforts are rare and incomplete. However, Non-Definers reported higher rates of sex under the influence, larger s of lifetime sex partners and higher rates of STD histories; and Definers reported higher levels of PTSD symptoms. The perpetrator was often someone the participant knew e.

Private spaces included offices, participant homes, and vehicles; public settings included restaurants, park benches, and other outdoor spaces. The research team was prepared to replace the female interviewers if gender proved to be a barrier to recruitment or interview quality. The authors suggest that whether men appraise childhood sexual experiences as abusive or normative may be more important than the event itself to future risk behavior.

The authors selected direct quotations that most clearly reflected and substantiated these patterns. In the following example, Close age 25 describes ongoing abuse by an older cousin lasting for a period of five years:. Like all of the participants, Charlie had discussed his adult same-sex behavior before this point in the interview. Memories of early, unwanted experiences with female perpetrators may also cause stress that men may seek to relieve with substances.

Further, although empirical evidence is limited, there is reason to speculate that African American men may fail to disclose CSA out of fear of being perceived had victims or as homosexual Alaggia, Other demographic associations are complicated. All participants provided informed consent and chose code names prior to the interviews, which were digitally recorded.

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Several men openly discussed being molested or raped by another male as. And I was by [street]…and this guy came up to me and said, Oh, how are you doing? The authors defined CSEOP as physical sexual contact before age 13 with a partner at least 4 years older than the participant, and collected details about the events through closed-ended questions.

It was not uncommon for participants to discuss coercive exchanges with older males and females that led to a first sexual encounter.

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Holmes concluded that there are liabilities in not only experiencing CSA, but also in not defining it as abuse. I: Okay. More than half of the participants reported using multiple substances in the past 12 months. All of these qualitative studies focused on Black men exclusively, which is important and helpful, given that these men face a disproportionate risk of HIV infection.

Fourteen participants reported that their initial sexual encounters were with female partners ificantly older than themselves, and five respondents described their first sexual learning experience as one of abuse. There have been attempts to address this need by adding qualitative components to quantitative investigations.

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Due to the highly sensitive nature of this topic, as well as others in the interview guide, our interviewers were trained to watch for s of distress and equipped to provide the necessary referrals to counseling and other services if participants became upset and required assistance. He also suggests that potential interventions for Non-Definers address sexual histories, sexual scripts and self-perceptions without labeling histories and scripts as related to abuse.

Only one of the three studies had asked about CSA specifically; in the other two, CSA was defined based on narrative s of childhood experiences of unsolicited or nonconsensual physical sexual contact with adults older than themselves. While discussing the experience of being raped by multiple female cousins asJoel age 39 interrupted the interview to ask for a beer:.

Several men discussed childhood sexual experiences CSE relative to their experiences with alcohol, drugs, and same-sex behavior as adults. After obtaining demographic information, the interviewers proceeded to ask 20 open-ended questions covering a range of topics including: sexual experiences with men and women safe and unsafe practices ; alcohol and drug use; sexual histories; relationships with female primary partners and attitudes toward disclosure of same-sex behavior to those partners and to others; perceptions of sexual identity; and motivations for NGI men to have sex with other men.

Holmes did not find ificant differences in sexual identity between Definers and Non-Definers. S: Yeah…me and my cousin.

I had sex with my cousin and now he acts as though nothing happened

They also point to the importance of investigating how men process the events over time i. So he took me to a restaurant and got me some food and while we was sitting there eating he stuck his hand under the table and he grabbed me between my legs. In two of the studies, investigators also did not impose CSA definitions, but rather let interpretations of abuse emerge in response to open-ended questions about childhood sexual experiences. The principal investigator and interviewers met on a biweekly basis to monitor study progress, discuss emerging themes and address challenges.

I: Did that make you…is that how you came to do this when you were years old or…? It was not uncommon for participants to connect personal experiences with male-perpetrated CSA to their same-sex behavior or substance abuse as an adult. MSM with histories of CSA are not only less likely to be White or Asian, but also likely to have lower levels of formal education and household income Paul et al. Unlike most, however, Charlie had also suggested — at the beginning of the interview — that childhood sexual abuse might explain why some men who do not self-identify as gay have sex with other men.

In this next example, Charlie age 53 reasons that the sexual abuse he experienced as by an adult male has had some impact on his substance abuse:. They also asked whether the participant considered the experience to be sexual abuse a closed-ended questionand followed up with an open-ended qualitative question asking why the participant did or did not consider the event to be abusive.

C: The first time I had sex with a dude was when I was young.

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Although several participants described consensual sexual experiences with an older male or female, most of these encounters met conditions for childhood sexual abuse as ly defined in the literature. C: It was one of my cousins…one of my older cousins and that is kind of how it happened. The formative sexual experiences of these men have thus far not been addressed in the emerging qualitative research. Although the investigators screened for CSA prior to participation, the findings are useful in that participants were able to appraise their experiences as positive or negative and draw their own conclusions about how the experiences affected them.

Similarly, Holmes conducted a telephone survey of men to investigate adult risk behavior and psychiatric outcomes among men who define their childhood sexual experiences as abusive. C: It is just an embarrassing thing. In this paper we begin to explore CSE of non-gay identified Black MSMW who actively conceal their same-sex behavior and discuss how they define their experiences. Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. This study explored potential variations in childhood sexual abuse CSA by examining qualitative s of first sexual experiences among non-disclosing, non-gay identified Black men who have sex with men and women MSMW.

Then I started to like men. For example, John age 57 described an encounter he had as a year old with an older male who offered him money in exchange for oral sex:.

We've been hooking up during the holidays for 10 years.

Williams and colleagues conducted focus groups with 16 HIV-positive Black MSMW on coerced sexual experiences before age 18 with someone at least five years older. These questions were asked approximately one-third of the way through the interview. Thematic analysis revealed four patterns of first sexual experiences including: unwanted sexual experiences with a male or female consistent with definitions of childhood sexual abuse; consensual sex with an older male or female; bodily exploration with another male or female child; and, consensual sex with a peer-age female.

I was maybe about eight but it was a molestation kind of thing. This emerged in the following excerpts from Red and Charlie. Both those who affirmed abuse Definers and those who did not Non-Definers were then asked to explain in their own words why they considered the experience abusive or not.

More than half of the men who perceived abuse referred to their age; men who did not perceive abuse frequently mentioned their willingness to go along with or even initiate the encounters. Recruiting and interviewing occurred between March and October More specifically, field staff utilized existing neighborhood networks to generate contacts, established relationships with key informants in known venues frequented by men who have sex with men, and obtained participant referrals through substance use treatment programs e.

If my mother heard me now! You know. C: It was an embarrassing thing.

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Initial codes and patterns of sexual experiences were then compared and discussed to arrive at a mutually agreed upon set of four childhood sexual experience patterns. We sought to reinterpret these experiences based on abuse criteria applied by other researchers e. By the way, my cousin is gay…straight up. Thus it is unclear how much relevance the findings have for men who do not self-identify as gay or who consider themselves to be heterosexual.

Introduction

Prospective participants were initially screened by field staff, which included two Black male and two Black female interviewers. A majority of participants believed that these experiences influenced their subsequent sexual decision-making, and approximately half believed that the experiences contributed to confusion and high-risk exploration of their sexuality. Thirty-three men completed in-depth interviews as part of the research study. Interviews were conducted in private and public settings where participants agreed they would feel safe.

Sean age 43 recalled how he and a male cousin, who he identifies as gay, were repeatedly molested by their grandfather starting around age six:. R: No, I think I told my brother or something and I think my brother beat him up or something. Men ranged in age from 21 to 60, with a mean age of Average length of time with a female primary partner was 3.

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Men who felt that they had been abused had higher rates of unprotected anal sex, more male sex partners, and more alcohol use in adulthood. Learn More. Studies such as these raise important questions that warrant in-depth qualitative exploration in order to understand the meanings that men as to their childhood sexual experiences and the impacts they believe those experiences have on their lives, particularly later substance use and risk behavior.

However, that did not become necessary; the two women recruited and interviewed two-thirds of the participants, yielding data as rich as the interviews conducted by the male staffers. J: They used to suck me off and made me do things.

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